Retiring Arizona Prison Watch...

This site was originally started in July 2009 as an independent endeavor to monitor conditions in Arizona's criminal justice system, as well as offer some critical analysis of the prison industrial complex from a prison abolitionist/anarchist's perspective. It was begun in the aftermath of the death of Marcia Powell, a 48 year old AZ state prisoner who was left in an outdoor cage in the desert sun for over four hours while on a 10-minute suicide watch. That was at ASPC-Perryville, in Goodyear, AZ, in May 2009.

Marcia, a seriously mentally ill woman with a meth habit sentenced to the minimum mandatory 27 months in prison for prostitution was already deemed by society as disposable. She was therefore easily ignored by numerous prison officers as she pleaded for water and relief from the sun for four hours. She was ultimately found collapsed in her own feces, with second degree burns on her body, her organs failing, and her body exceeding the 108 degrees the thermometer would record. 16 officers and staff were disciplined for her death, but no one was ever prosecuted for her homicide. Her story is here.

Marcia's death and this blog compelled me to work for the next 5 1/2 years to document and challenge the prison industrial complex in AZ, most specifically as manifested in the Arizona Department of Corrections. I corresponded with over 1,000 prisoners in that time, as well as many of their loved ones, offering all what resources I could find for fighting the AZ DOC themselves - most regarding their health or matters of personal safety.

I also began to work with the survivors of prison violence, as I often heard from the loved ones of the dead, and learned their stories. During that time I memorialized the Ghosts of Jan Brewer - state prisoners under her regime who were lost to neglect, suicide or violence - across the city's sidewalks in large chalk murals. Some of that art is here.

In November 2014 I left Phoenix abruptly to care for my family. By early 2015 I was no longer keeping up this blog site, save occasional posts about a young prisoner in solitary confinement in Arpaio's jail, Jessie B.

I'm deeply grateful to the prisoners who educated, confided in, and encouraged me throughout the years I did this work. My life has been made all the more rich and meaningful by their engagement.

I've linked to some posts about advocating for state prisoner health and safety to the right, as well as other resources for families and friends. If you are in need of additional assistance fighting the prison industrial complex in Arizona - or if you care to offer some aid to the cause - please contact the Phoenix Anarchist Black Cross at PO Box 7241 / Tempe, AZ 85281.

until all are free -

MARGARET J PLEWS (June 1, 2015)


ANTICOLONIAL zines, stickers, actions, power

Taala Hooghan Infoshop

Kinlani/Flagstaff Mutual AID


The group for direct action against the prison state!

Black Lives Matter PHOENIX METRO

Black Lives Matter PHOENIX METRO
(accept no substitutions)



PHOENIX: Trans Queer Pueblo


AZ Prison Watch BLOG POSTS:

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

AZ Tough on Prison Law Libraries: Mona Lynch

Came across this article by Prof. Mona Lynch (UC-Irvine) while looking for a good review of Sunbelt Justice to post. It's quite interesting and addresses the humanity and rights of prisoners and the importance of law libraries - which Arizona led the assault on, of course. 

I haven't been able to get through my Sunbelt Justice yet - but it's a good, clear read and gripping (I just have too many other things competing with it) I haven't heard from anyone else - it would help if a few folks got this book and read it ASAP. Dr. Lynch will be coming to Changing Hands in a few weeks, and we should have a good crowd there of people who already know what the issues are and have some intelligent follow-up questions to ask her. 

I'll see what reviews / summaries I can find in the meantime. She'd be a good guest for a local group to have come speak on AZ prison issues, sentencing reform, CJ politics, etc. by the way. Good to have on a day with a panel of political candidate, perhaos - then they'd all have to read her book, too...

I'm working on something here - but take those ideas to any groups you're involved in - we need as many people and groups (churches, student clubs, unions, family/prisoner groups, advocacy organizations, women's rights groups, social justice community orgs, migrant rights groups, etc.)


Changing Lives, Changing Minds: A Changing Lives Through Literature Blog

Books Behind Bars : The War on Prison Law Libraries

Mona Lynch is an associate professor in the Criminology, Law and Society department at UC Irvine. Her research and writing focuses on the social, psychological, and cultural dynamics of contemporary punishment processes, and has been published in a wide range of journals and law reviews. Her new book, Sunbelt Justice: Arizona and the Transformation of American Punishment is due out this fall with Stanford University Press. 

I am just coming off of a ten-year obsession with Arizona’s punishment practices. There is an aspect to the multiple assaults on prisoners’ rights and dignity that I have yet to articulate until now–the “tough” punishment policies instituted in this state that directly assault the autonomy of the prisoner’s soul. This guest post is my attempt to make sense of these policies by sharing just one such episode in Arizona’s recent penal past: the war on prison law libraries.

The legal battle began in 1984, when a class action suit brought by inmates at the central prison unit alleged that prisoners were denied meaningful access to courts due to inadequate law library facilities. Under order from the Court, the state agreed early on to improve the access, but the plaintiffs soon returned to court, alleging continued violations of prisoners’ rights.

Federal District Court Judge Carl Muecke ordered  the Department of Corrections to supply trained legal assistants to help prisoners who were denied physical access to the library with their cases. The department, however, simply assigned prisoners–many with no legal skills whatsoever–to the job of “legal assistant.” The prison only allowed inmates to use the library on a very limited and arbitrary schedule and forced  many prisoners to pay for basic supplies for filing cases, such as paper and stamps, even if it meant that they had to forego other necessities to do so.

In 1990, Judge Muecke issued a detailed order that laid out very specific requirements for maintaining a constitutionally acceptable level of legal access at the prison, and in a later case, extended these requirements to all the prison law libraries in the system.The state appealed this ruling to the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, which upheld Judge Muecke’s injunction. Arizona later appealed the 9th Circuit’s decision to the U.S. Supreme Court, who handed down their decision in 1996.

Justice Antonin Scalia, writing for the majority in Lewis v. Casey (1996), determined that prisoners do not have “an abstract, freestanding right to a law library.” The ruling also required that prisoners show that an “injury” resulted from lack of access to legal materials in order to prevail on a denial of legal access claim . They must also prove that the lawsuit filed would be “nonfrivolous” in nature. It was this decision that opened the doors of  institutions across the country to the demise of a very longstanding tradition—the prison law library.  

In Arizona, that is exactly what happened. Terry Stewart, who had recently assumed the Department of Corrections directorship, from his mentor Sam Lewis when the Lewis v. Casey decision came down, enthusiastically set out to close down the system’s law libraries. Within a year, he had closed 34 of the 35 prison law libraries in place at the time, replacing them with a new “legal access” process that provided inmates with preformatted legal forms on which they could write in their complaints.

The completed forms were then screened by state hired paralegals, who advised whether the cases were meritorious or not. The paralegals–largely unqualified and untrained–operated under contractual orders not to assist inmates with the litigation process past the filing of initial petitions. 

The consequences of this case have clearly been significant in terms of prisoners’ ability to protect their rights in this and other states. Following Arizona’s lead, a number of jurisdictions have fully dismantled their law libraries or stopped updating their printed legal materials, functionally destroying their libraries’ utility. Most systems that have gone this route have replaced the books with “procedures” that involve external screening of claims and/or mechanisms that do not allow inmates to freely explore cases or legal issues. Although often justified on economic and security grounds, the alternative approaches are generally more expensive in the long run and do nothing to make prisons more secure.

Beyond that, the elimination of law libraries strips away one more outlet for inmates to exercise independent thought and analysis while in custody. The new methods of providing legal “access” deny inmates the ability to investigate and understand their own grievances through the use of legal texts as analytic tools. As such, they strike at a fundamental human necessity, especially useful in surviving the prison process: engaging the imagination.

To say that something as instrumental as the prison law library is also a venue for intellectual exercise and autonomy may seem like a stretch. But we know from scads of research that the most psychologically damaging forms of confinement are ones that deprive the prisoner of social, emotional, and/or intellectual stimulation. Such conditions cut not to the body, but to the soul of the human captive.

While taking away law libraries may in itself only be a surface wound, it is just one of many that have been inflicted in the “get tough” era, with a cumulative effect that is devastating for those confined to our nation’s prisons.

No comments: